Title: Facing the climate emergency

Issue: Climate change

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Environment - Climate Change

Context: So, far, climate change policies are being formulated in a political manner. This needs to undergo a change for better fighting the challenge of climate change

Highlights

  1. According to a recent paper published, it has been found out that poorer countries suffer more because of climate change rather than rich countries. Example: India’s GDP growth penalty between 1961 and 2010 is in the order of 31% for the period, whereas Norway gained about 34% on a per capita basis.
  2. Some of the issues associated with the climate change fight:
  • In India, the idea of fighting climate change is restricted to few institutions rather than a mass movement.
  • It has also been observed that there has been collusion between elite corporations and governments to use climate change has an opportunity to make more money.
  • Arctic discourse is no longer about the conservation of biodiversity but rather in exploiting natural resources present in the country
  • Climate change projects which are implemented through donation foreign agencies have not been implemented effectively. Corruption is the major reason for it.
  • In the garb of climate change policies, policies are being formulated in a centralized manner. Example: amendments made to the Indian Forest Act
  1. What could be done?
  • There has been a large scale movement at the ground level by common people to force governments to take action on climate change. Example: Greta Thunberg, a school student who has drawn the attention of the world to climate change. Such mass movement should be encouraged
  • Governments across the globe can declare a climate emergency like the one did in UK parliament

Takeaway point: Small fixes by the government and institutions can no longer help to fight climate change; rather we need major overhaul of our lifestyles and patterns of consumption which is led by mass participation of people from across the globe

Keywords: Climate change Mass participation Greta Thunberg
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. How India will be affected by climate change? How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change? 15 2017
2 ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. How India will be affected by climate change? How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change? 13 2016
3 Examine the cause and the extent of ‘desertification’ in India and suggest remedial measures. (250 words) 15 marks 2012
4 “The Indian independence movement was a mass-based movement the encompassed various sections of society. It also underwent the process of constant ideological evolution.” Critically examine. (250 words) 15 marks 2012